Biology 102 Spring, 2010

Study Guide #3 - McShaffrey

  1. What are the basic needs of a plant?
  2. Why do plants need roots?
  3. What role does water play in the reproduction of primitive plants?
  4. How have advanced plants eliminated the need for water in reproduction?
  5. What 3 problems did plants have to face when moving onto land?
  6. How did plants solve these 3 problems?
  7. What are the 3 main parts of a plant?
  8. What are the 3 main tissues of a plant?
  9. What is a meristem?
  10. What are the 2 types of meristems?  What do they do?  Where are they located?
  11. What is differentiation?
  12. What 4 tissue types did we discuss in class?  What does each do?
  13. What is xylem composed of?  What is unique about xylem tissue?
  14. What does phloem do?  What is unique about the sieve tube members?
  15. What is the difference between a primary and secondary root?
  16. What are the 3 parts of a root that we discussed?
  17. What is the cortex of a root?  The epidermis?  The endodermis?
  18. Where is the casparian strip and what does it do?
  19. What 3 forces together move water up a plant?  What role does each play?
  20. What 3 forces make transpiration work to move water up a tree?
  21. Where does the energy come from to move water up a tree?
  22. What is sap?  How, where and when does it flow?
  23. How do plant roots take up water?
  24. What is a halophyte?
  25. What are the two layers of meristem tissue in a tree stem?  What do they produce?  
  26. Why do trees form annual rings in the xylem?
  27. What 5 materials are needed for photosynthesis?
  28. How is each of these taken up? What does each do in the plant?
  29. Do you know and understand Table 39.1?
  30. What does the NPK on fertilizers stand for?
  31. How is mineral availability affected by soil?
  32. What are epiphytes?
  33. Be able to discuss modern agricultural practices.
  34. What is the difference between lentic and lotic?
  35. What are the various marine habitats?
  1. What is a wetland?
  2. List the various examples (types) of wetlands and describe each.
  3. How much of the Earth's surface is covered by wetlands?
  4. Why are wetlands so productive?
  5. Why are wetlands destroyed?
  6. What is eutrophication?  What is cultural eutrophication?  
  7. How does cultural eutrophication occur?
  8. What problems are caused by eutrophication?
  9. How do plants handle gas exchange?
  10. What gases do plants take in?  Get rid of?
  11. Distinguish between osmosis and diffusion.
  12. How are water balance and gas exchange linked?
  13. Can you draw/explain the water, phosphorous, carbon and nitrogen cycles?
  14. What are stomata?
  15. What is an estuary?
  16. What is cavitation?
  17. What is the region of a plant where leaves are attached?
  18. What are the zones of a lake?
  19. What separates the epilimnion from the hypolimnion?
  20. What are the regions of the ocean?
  21. What do benthic, littoral, pelagic, limnetic and intertidal mean?
  22. What plants dominate each type of wetland?
  23. Which wetlands are acidic? Alkaline?
  24. What is cellulose? Lignin? Chlorophyll?
  25. What nutrient is in short supply in bogs?  Why?  How do plants deal with this?
  26. What does aposematism mean?
  27. What are the various types of interactions between organisms?
  28. Distinguish between parasitism, commensalism and mutualism.
  29. Know which interactions are symbiotic.
  30. Be able to complete the table of organism interactions.
  31. Be able to give a specific example of each type of interaction.
  32. Recognize plant macronutrients and micronutrients.
  33. Know to what use plants put each of the macronutrients.
  34. Symplastic/Apoplastic?
  35. How did plants evolve to live on land?  What probelems did they have to solve?
  36. How does water get to the top of a tall tree?



Other study hints:

Re-write your notes! - Ask questions in class! - Study with a friend. - Quiz each other. - Get a good night's sleep before the test.

Study Hints

Try concept mapping: Get some blank paper (try a recycling bin, use the back). Write down a key term (biomagnification). Now, draw lines from the term to blank areas on the page. Begin to add new information – 4 things that are necessary for biomagnification, 4 things that biomagnify, etc. Make links to the new topics. Continue until the paper is full. Start over with a new term.

Get in the Mood: Study early and often. If you can’t find a quiet place, tune out the background with lively, non-vocal music. A fast beat keeps you motivated; vocal would distract from processing language information (reading). Try Jazz or New-Age music, the same sort of thing you would listen to for jogging. David Sanborn, David Benoit, Peter White, Spyro Gyra, Mannheim Steamroller, even John Tesh (really) are all good bets.